Category theory organizes mathematics using morphisms that transmit structure and determination. Structures of mathematical interest are usually characterized by some universal mapping property so the general thesis is that category theory is about determination through universals. In recent decades, the notion of adjoint functors has moved to center-stage as category theory’s primary tool to characterize what is important and universal in mathematics. Hence our focus here is to present a theory of adjoint functors, a theory which shows that *all* adjunctions arise from the birepresentations of “chimera” morphisms or “heteromorphisms” between objects in different categories. This theory places adjoints within the framework of determination through universals. The conclusion considers some unreasonably effective analogies between these mathematical concepts and some central themes in the life sciences and in social philosophy. This paper is from: *What is Category Theory? *Edited by Giandomenico Sica, Polimetrica, Milan, 2006.

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